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今朝天下 2021-05-06 21:30

雅思写作难?get这三步让你至少6.5!

  法律类、犯罪类话题一直是雅思大作文常出的话题类型,也常常令很多同学头痛不已。这类话题比较抽象,其中涉及到的一些特定词汇和表达也不常见,因此如果没有刻意积累,考试时就很难以得心应手地论述。同学们主要会遇到的问题是:
  1. 有观点,可憋不出专业词儿
  2. 语言功底好,可偏偏没观点
  如果想又有观点又有好语言,日常的积累必不可少。今天想通过一篇外刊文章的节选,来和大家分享一下该如何积累语料,为自己的文章增添色彩。
  接下来,我们就跟随北京新东方雅思老师王老师一起逐段对这篇例文进行分析。
  例文解析
  原文第一段
  LIVE telecast of c ourt proceedings has advantages and disadvantages. Among the advantages, it will allow more transp arency in the justice system. By allowing the public to see c ourt proceedings, they can gauge for themselves if due process is followed.
  语言亮点:
  1. live telecast of c ourt proceedings 庭审直播
  2. allow more transp arency in the justice system 提高了司法的透明度
  3. gauge if due process is followed 判断是否程序正当(gauge 判断; due process 正当程序)
  观点积累:
  提高司法透明度(让民众可参与判断)
  原文第二段
  Another advantage is the accessibility of the c ourtroom. A c ourtroom is not like a public hall where thousands of people can c ome in at one time. Only a limited number of people can attend c ourt proceedings and those who c ome to c ourt are subjected to certain rules to respect the c ourt, the judge and trial proceedings.
  语言亮点:
  1. accessibility of the c ourtroom 接触法庭
  2. attend c ourt proceedings 参加庭审
  3. are subjected to certain rules 受到相关规定的约束;be subjected to 受到…约束(一词多义,查字典学习其他意思)
  4. trial proceedings 审讯过程
  论证积累:
  论点:使人们接触到法庭;
  论据:法庭只能容纳一定数量的人,而且还需要受到法庭规定的约束,(将庭审进行播出则可以使更多人接触到)。
  原文第三段
  Despite the advantages, live telecast of criminal trials can invite problems. There are always two p arties before the c ourt: the prosecution and the defence. The prosecution’s role is to prove the charges against the accused based on the evidence on rec ord. The defence will rebut the evidence. The c ourt arrives at a decision after the trial is c oncluded with arguments from both p arties presented before a judge. If the accused is c onvicted, that will not be the end of the case. The accused can appeal. Similarly, the prosecution can file an appeal if the accused is acquitted. The trial-and-appeal process may take months or years, so it would not be reasonable to hold a live broadcast of proceedings.
  语言亮点:
  1. Invite problems 招致问题
  2. it would not be reasonable to 做某事不合理
  3. prosecution 原告
  4. defence 被告= the accused
  5. be c onvicted 被定罪
  6. be acquitted 无罪释放
  7. appeal 上诉
  8. hold a live broadcast of sth 直播
  观点积累:
  原告被告双方辩护+结案+上诉 —— 耗时长,直播不合理。
  原文第四段
  It may also cause social unrest, especially if it is a public-interest case, of a sensitive nature and the trial involves a very important person. There are hundreds of cases, and almost every other day there is a trial or hearing, so it is not possible to broadcast all cases.
  结尾:
  Clearly, the c ons outweigh the pros in this matter. So live broadcast of trials is impractical.
  语言亮点:
  1. cause social unrest 引发社会*****
  2. a public-interest case 大众关注的案子
  3. a case of a sensitive nature 敏感案子
  4. the c ons outweigh the pros in this matter 利大于弊(in this matter 在这件事上)
  观点积累:
  1. 引起社会*****(尤其是热点案件、敏感案件或者名人案件)
  2. 审讯数量太大,几乎不可能每个都播出。
  活学活用
  通过精读外刊,我们发现了很多有用的观点及地道的语言可以用到作文中。以2020年1月4日的考题为例:
  In some c ountries, some criminal trials in law c ourts are shown on television so that the general public can watch them. Do the advantages outweigh disadvantages?
  在一些国家,一些刑事审判会通过电视播放给大众观看。其优点是否大于缺点?
  笔者立场:弊大于利(因人而异)
  观点及语言使用:
  方法总结
  很多同学在日常备考雅思写作时,很容易无从下手,失去学习的方向。遇到这种情况,我们可以静下心来把功底打扎实了,通过精读积累语料和高分表达,并将这些素材应用到自己的作文中,帮助自己有效提分。简单来说,按下面的“三步走”就可以:
  1. 精读与写作话题相关的外刊
  2. 积累观点+地点语言
  3. 把积累化为己有
  希望大家都能屠鸭成功!


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